A fearless family companion, Bull Mastiffs will go any length to protect their humans from any external threat. Also they are silent guard dogs who do apartments, provided they are given their daily dose of exercise requirements.
Bred as a guard dog in the United Kingdom in 19th century, the Bullmastiff is a robust dog and somewhat similar to the mastiffs. But they are usually more agile and less cumbersome than its relatives. These dogs are fiercely devoted to their family and will protect their humans, even if they have to put their life on the line. Hence, a well socialised Bullmastiff would be among the best guard dogs you would ever find. Despite being a big dog, he can be easily accommodated in a small apartment, provided that you are fulfilling their daily exercise requirements. Bullmastiff is an intelligent dog who will learn your commands within few steps.
Bullmastiffs have smooth and tiny coat which is easy to maintain for its owners. Although its entire body is golden, honey or “rusty red”, you will notice its muzzle and ears are always darker, pulling towards black or very dark brown. Some white spots may also be seen on the pet's chest and/or paws. Though it is extremely easy to keep Bullmastiff's coat neat and clean, they still experience shedding and dead skin can also accumulate pretty quickly. In order to keep their coat in excellent health, you need to regularly brush their hair with a pin brush or a bristle brush. These brush work wonders in removing dead hair and preventing it from matting. Also, bath them with a good shampoo for preventing the invasion of external parasites. Having said that, you need to inspect your Bullmastiff's coat regularly to ward off parasites like ticks and fleas, which often causes infections in them.
Bullmastiffs need a nutritional diet and their dietary needs depend completely on their activity, age, If your Bullmastiff is highly active, it will need around 25% protein and 15% fat on their daily meal. While a less active Bullmastiff would need around 25% protein and 15% fat on their daily meal to ensure they are healthy. When it comes to the feeding amount, it will depend on the weight and age of the Bullmastiff. If you have a puppy, know that it will eat a lot. Feeding them four times a day with small portion is recommended to support their physical growth and development. Adult dogs can be fed once a day with a large portion of meal. If you would like to feed them twice, just divide the meal portion accordingly. Speaking of nutrition, Bullmastiff need five essential nutrients, which include Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates, Vitamins and Minerals. Make sure the diet has Omega 3 fatty acids as it soothes inflammation in bones and joints, as it can often happen with a large dog like Bullmastiff.
Even though Bullmastiff has a thin coat, they still need regular grooming because of their dense fur. They are moderate shedders and lose more hair during spring and autumn. Even though the hair loss is not that apparent, you will see them getting accumulated during these two times of the season. For reducing their shedding, use a high quality bristle brush which will help you remove the dead hair from their coat before it falls off. Using a rubber glove is also good to stimulate their oil glands, as it will keep their coat healthy and shiny. Regarding bathing, you only need to give bullmastiffs a bath once in every six to eight weeks. Make sure you are using a top quality disinfectant shampoo as it will help in warding off parasites like ticks and fleas. Lastly, feed them a highly nutritious diet so that they can maintain excellent skin health in their senior years as well.
As puppies, Bullmastiffs are usually quite clumsy and it is advised that they are fully trained so that they don't get into so much trouble. Even indoor stuffs like furniture and other objects can hurt them. Bullmastiff has a type of fur that requires weekly brushing and one should remove their dead hair with proper gloves. It would be best if you avoid making them run on smooth/slippery floors, as it will certainly ensure better health in their joints.
The Bullmastiff dogs were developed in England during the mid 1800's. Gamekeepers during that time were looking for a dog which could protect their game from external threats like poachers. In England at that time, Bulldogs were known for their extreme ferociousness unlike the ones we see today. But physically they were too small to take down a human and hence wasn't ideal for the gamekeepers. Gamekeepers also couldn't take the help of mastiffs as they were too slow to chase an enemy. This resulted in crossing between the two and the creation of the ultimate guard dogs known as Bullmastiffs, who are gentle yet fiercely protective of their family.